BERLIN — Germany's
A study commissioned by the
“I very much regret the practice of discrimination against homosexuals in the Bundeswehr, which stood for the policy of that time,”
Kramp-Karrenbauer said she wants to advance legislation to rehabilitate those affected.
The study said that “same-sex orientation was viewed as a security risk in the Bundeswehr until the turn of the millennium and made a career as an officer or noncommissioned officer impossible.”
The study on discrimination in the military is the latest move in Germany to address past anti-gay discrimination. In 2017, parliament voted to annul the convictions of thousands of gay men under a law criminalizing male homosexuality that was enforced enthusiastically in post-World War II West Germany.
The legislation was introduced in the 19th century, toughened under Nazi rule and retained in that form by democratic West Germany, which convicted some 50,000 men between 1949 and 1969. Homosexuality was decriminalized in 1969 but the legislation wasn’t taken off the books entirely until 1994.
Lawmakers approved compensation for men who were convicted. Payments were later extended to people who were put under investigation or taken into investigative custody but not convicted.
A federal court decided in 1970 that homosexuality was no longer a disciplinary
The study cited a 1984 letter from the
He issued a paper stating that “homosexuality does not constitute grounds for restrictions in terms of assignment or status and thus also is not a suitability criterion to be examined separately.”
Geir Moulson, The Associated Press